The Contribution of English Reading Materials to Improving Students' English Performance in Lower Secondary Schools in the Shyira Sector of Nyabihu District, Rwanda


  • Emmanuel Harerimana University of Rwanda
  • Anthony Kamanzi University of Rwanda
  • Cyprien Tabaro University of Rwanda
  • Evode Nshimiyimana University of Rwanda



Contribution, English Performance, Lower Secondary Schools, Reading Materials


This research aimed to examine the relationship between the use of English reading materials and the improvement of students' English language performance in Lower Secondary Schools in the Shyira sector. Based on the Simple View of Reading (SVR) and the Cognitive Load Theory (CLT), the descriptive research design with a mixed approach was employed. Two selected schools were studied: one with a well-equipped library containing English reading materials and the other with a poorly equipped library lacking English reading materials. The study population consisted of 106 individuals, including 92 lower secondary students, 10 teachers, and 4 Deputy Head teacher in charge of studies /teachers, selected randomly from a population of 145. Primary data and secondary data were collected through questionnaires and interview guides. Quantitative data was analyzed descriptively by use of excel and the Statistical Package for Social Scientists (SPSS) while qualitative data was subjected to thematic analysis. The findings reveal the use of various reading materials, such as newspapers, textbooks, handouts, dictionaries, expert opinions, poetry, online readings, and adventure stories in Lower Secondary Schools in the Shyira sector. It was observed that the lack of English reading materials and libraries in lower secondary schools leads to poor English performance among students. The study suggests strategies to improve learners' English skills, including promoting the use of English reading materials, fostering a culture of reading, and motivating students to utilize libraries. Additionally, teachers should serve as English role models and actively encourage reading to enhance students' motivation.


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How to Cite

Harerimana, E., Kamanzi, A., Tabaro, C., & Nshimiyimana, E. (2024). The Contribution of English Reading Materials to Improving Students’ English Performance in Lower Secondary Schools in the Shyira Sector of Nyabihu District, Rwanda. African Journal of Empirical Research, 5(2), 507–516.