Effect of Employee Motivation Practices on Projects Performance in Health Projects: A Case of Projects Implemented in Ruhengeri Referral Hospital, Musanze District, Rwanda





Health, Musanze District, Project, Referral Hospital, Ruhengeri, Rwanda


This study sought to investigate the effect of employee motivation practices on project performance in health projects implemented by Ruhengeri Referral Hospital in Musanze district, Rwanda. The study adopted a convergent parallel design, utilising a mixed approach. The study was carried out at Ruhengeri Referral Hospital in Musanze district, Rwanda. The population consisted of 5400 subjects, from which a sample of 372 individuals was selected, comprising 317 patients, 44 health workers, and 11 health leaders. The sample size was determined using Yamane’s formula. Random and purposive sampling techniques were used in selecting the involved participants. The data was collected using a structured questionnaire (with 5-point Likert scales), an interview guide, and a document review guide. The data was analysed using percentages, frequencies, means, standard deviation, and regression analysis. A study at Ruhengeri Referral Hospital in Rwanda found that recognition and rewards, career development, employee involvement, and job security all significantly boosted project performance (p-value<0.05). Based on these findings, the study recommends that the Ministry of Health implement strategies like performance-based incentives, training programmes, and staff meetings to improve employee motivation and project success. For health workers themselves, the study suggests ongoing skill development, a positive work environment, patient-centred care, and community engagement for better health outcomes.


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How to Cite

Nzabitondera, B., & Bugingo, E. (2024). Effect of Employee Motivation Practices on Projects Performance in Health Projects: A Case of Projects Implemented in Ruhengeri Referral Hospital, Musanze District, Rwanda. African Journal of Empirical Research, 5(2), 65–77. https://doi.org/10.51867/ajernet.5.2.7