Exploring Sustainable Public Transport System for the Provision of Quality Education Services in Public Universities: A Situational Analysis

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.51867/ajernet.5.1.2

Keywords:

Public Universities, Quality Education, Sustainable Public Transport, Tanzania

Abstract

This study was conducted to explore the experience of university community regarding the use of available public transport in public universities in Tanzania. The study intended to explore the common transport systems used within the public universities; the risks and challenges of using the available transport systems in execution of day-to-day core functions of the university; and lastly, the effective and efficient transport systems in promoting the teaching and learning process in public universities. A cross-sectional survey design with mixed research approaches was employed. Probability and non-probability sampling techniques were used to get a total sample of 125 respondents from public universities in Tanzania. Data were collected by using self-administered semi-structured questionnaires and in-depth interview. The findings revealed that common transport systems used within the campuses included motorcycle hire, commuter buses, walking, bicycle hire, private bicycle, private motorcycle, university buses, bajaji (rickshaws) hire, and taxi cabs. Moreover, the study revealed that the risks and challenges of using the current transport system within the university campuses included time consuming, costly, and getting late to classes, accident, tiredness, and theft. Furthermore, the study revealed that the effective and efficient transport system within university campuses included the commuter buses, motorcycle hire, private motorcycle, walking, and private cars. The study recommends establishing an internal transportation pool which will be able to offer sustainable, reliable, effective and efficient transportation means within the university. Understanding the campus impediments may help universities design more attractive and useful transport facilities.  The current study will inform the university management about the need to promote bicycling and walking which are ecological friendly; improve social interactions; as well as spur physical well-being among the students, staff and university community.

References

Almselati, A., Rahmat, R., & Jaafar, O. (2011). An Overview of Urban Transport in Malaysia. The Social Sciences, 6(1), 24-33. https://doi.org/10.3923/sscience.2011.24.33

Creswell, J. W. (2014). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative and Mixed Methods Approaches (4th Ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Dall, G. (1983). The incidence of motorcycle accidents in South Africa an alarming increase. S Afr Med J., 64 (30), 161-163.

Delmelle, E., & Delmelle, E. (2012). Exploring spatio-temporal commuting patterns in a university environment. Transport Policy, 21, 1-9. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tranpol.2011.12.007

Ellis, E. (2003). Getting around campus. American School and University, Overland Park, KS, May 1.

Fitzharris, M., Dandona, R., Kumar, G. A., & Dandona, L. (2009). Crash characteristics and patterns of injury among hospitalized motorised two-wheeled vehicle users in urban India. BMC Public Health, 5, 1-15. https://doi.org/10.1186/1471-2458-9-11

Handy, S., & Xing, Y. (2011). Factors correlated with bicycle commuting: a study in six small US cities. International Journal of Sustainable Transportation, 5(2), 91-110. https://doi.org/10.1080/15568310903514789

Kanyama, A., Carlsson-Kanyama, A., Lindén, AL., & Lupala, J. (2005). An Analysis of the Situation in Dar-es-Salaam in Tanzania from an Institutional Coordination Perspective. In: Urban Transport Development. Springer, Berlin, Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/3-540-27761-7_8

Kaplan, D. H. (2013). Transportation sustainability on a university campus. International Journal of Sustainability in Higher Education: Emerald Group Publishing Limited, 16(2), 173-186. https://doi.org/10.1108/IJSHE-03-2013-0023

Karanikola, P., Panagopoulos, T., Tampakis, S., & Tsantopoulos, G. (2018). Cycling as a Smart and Green Mode of Transport in Small Touristic Cities. Sustainability, 10(1), 268. https://doi.org/10.3390/su10010268

Kodukula, S. (2011). Raising Automobile Dependency: How to Break the Trend? GIZ Sustainable Urban Transport Project. Available from www.sutp.org/dn.php?file =TD-RADEN.pdf.

Larkham, P. (2000). Institutions and urban form: the example of universities. Urban Morphology, 4(2), 63-77. https://doi.org/10.51347/jum.v4i2.3890

Millard-Ball, A., Siegman, P., & Tumlin, J. (2004). Solving campus parking shortages: new solutions for an old problem. Planning for Higher Education, 31(1), 30-43.

Norton, R., Brix, A., Brydon, T., Davidian, E., Dinse, K., & Vidyarthi, S. (2007). Transforming the university campus into a sustainable community. Planning for Higher Education, 35(4), 22-39.

Oluwadiyaa, S., Kolawoleb, I.K., Adegbehingbed, O., Olasindee, A., Agodirina, O., & Uwaezuokec, C. (2009). Motorcycle crash characteristics in Nigeria: Implication for control. Accident Analysis & Prevention, 41(2), 294-298. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.aap.2008.12.002

Páez, A., & Whalen, K. (2010). Enjoyment of commute: a comparison of different transportation modes. Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, 44(7), 537-549.

https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tra.2010.04.003

Peers, J. (1998). "Transit & pedestrian oriented developments: do they really make a difference?" Institute of Transportation Engineers International Conference, Monterey, CA.

Pucher, J., Dill, J., & Handy, S. (2010). Infrastructure, programs, and policies to increase bicycling: an international review", Preventive Medicine, 50, 106-125. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ypmed.2009.07.028

Salum, J. H., Kitali, A. E., Bwire, H., Sando, T., & Alluri, P. (2019). Severity of motorcycle crashes in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Traffic injury prevention, 20(2), 189-195. https://doi.org/10.1080/15389588.2018.1544706

Tanzania Commission for Universities. (2023). Vital Statistics on University Education in Tanzania. Dodoma: Tanzania Commission for Universities.

The University of Dodoma (UDOM) (2017). The undergraduate students' handbook. Directorate of Undergraduate Studies. Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor; Academic, Research and Consultancy. Dodoma.

Toor, W., & Havlick, S. (2004). Transportation and Sustainable Campus Communities: Issues, Examples, Solutions. Island Press, and Washington, DC.

UNESCO (2022). Tanzania Higher Education Report: Dar es Salaam. Tanzania

University of Dodoma (UDOM) (2018). Undergraduate prospectus 2018/2019. Office of the Deputy Vice Chancellor, Academic, Research and Consultancy.

URT. (2005). The Universities Act. Dar e s Salaam: United Republic of Tanzania.

WHO. (2009). Global status report on road safety: time for action. Geneva: World Health Organization.

Downloads

Published

2024-02-10

How to Cite

Msuya, O. (2024). Exploring Sustainable Public Transport System for the Provision of Quality Education Services in Public Universities: A Situational Analysis. African Journal of Empirical Research, 5(1), 173–183. https://doi.org/10.51867/ajernet.5.1.2