Determinants, Awareness, and Perceptions of COVID-19 Vaccination among Youth in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania


  • Darlene K. Mutalemwa Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mzumbe University Dar es Salaam Campus College, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Faisal Issa Department of Social Sciences and Humanities, Mzumbe University Dar es Salaam Campus College, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
  • Misheck G. Mwashambwa Department of Leadership, Ethics, and Governance, Mwalimu Nyerere Memorial Academy Kivukoni Campus-Dar es Salaam, Tanzania



Awareness, Dar es Salaam Region, Determinants, Perception of COVID-19 Vaccines, Youth


The global community has seen significant negative impacts as a result of the COVID-19 pandemic. The primary objective of this study was to assess the perceptions, awareness, and determinants among young individuals concerning the COVID-19 vaccine. The research employed a cross-sectional approach and was carried out using internet platforms within the Dar es Salaam region of Tanzania, spanning from December 2021 to December 2022. The study's sample consisted of 435 individuals who were classified as young people. The data was collected through the utilization of questionnaires developed by Google Forms, which were thereafter distributed among participants via WhatsApp groups. The programme utilized for data cleaning and analysis was STATA 15.1. Categorical variables were summarised using descriptive statistics, including frequency distribution tables, pie charts, and bar charts. The study employed inferential statistics, namely the Chi-square test, to assess the association between the COVID-19 immunization status and several socioeconomic demographic characteristics, perceived factors, and awareness-related parameters. Results achieving a significance level of 0.05 were considered statistically significant. Based on these findings, it was recommended that decision-makers should continue directing endeavors focused on increasing the acceptance of COVID-19 vaccinations and minimizing the wastage of vaccines. Also, youths are encouraged to take vaccines for the fortification of their health hence reaching the intended purpose and saving funds that would have been used in managing other health, social, and economic challenges.


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How to Cite

Mutalemwa, D. K., Issa, F., & Mwashambwa, M. G. (2024). Determinants, Awareness, and Perceptions of COVID-19 Vaccination among Youth in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. African Journal of Empirical Research, 5(1), 146–156.