Factors Driving Solid Waste Management Payments in African Markets: Understanding Determinants and Overcoming Challenges





Environment, Market Place, Public Health, Rural Africa, Waste


Waste management has become an issue of interest across global today due to its impact on the public health and efforts to achieve the global sustainable development goals. Despite the influence and necessity of the waste management practices yet there is little understanding in the factors influencing households’ willingness to comply and hence pay for such services mostly in developing countries including Tanzania.  Therefore, the current study explores determinants of solid waste management in Arusha region by studying behaviors of the vendors in three markets places of Kilomebro, Tengeru, and Samunge using cross-sectional research design of which as sample of 150 vendors were included in the study. The results of the study reveal that socioeconomic factors such as age (p<0.01), working experience (p<0.01), and income (p<0.01) are significant determinants enhancing vendors’ decision to pay for the waste management. On the other hand, amount of waste generated by vendors, and their awareness on the waste management practices also influence vendors willingness and decision to pay for the waste management across all three markets in Arusha region at 0.013 (p<0.01) and 1.894 (p<0.01) . Additionally, quality of waste management services offered are also important component affecting vendors decision to be willing to pay for the waste management practices. The study recommends that in order to cultivate the waste management practices across communities it is important to prioritize in establishing educational programs that aimed at enhancing vendors' awareness and understanding of the importance of solid waste management, as well as developing income diversification strategies which will help to explore and address the significant role income plays in determining vendors' willingness to pay for solid waste management.


Anjum, R. (2013). Willingness to Pay for Solid Waste Management Services: A Case Study of Islamabad. PIDE Working Papers, 3, 1-21.

Ayenew, B., Tilahun, A., Erifo, S., & Tesfaye, P. (2019). Household Willingness to Pay for Improved Solid Waste Management in Shashemene Town, Ethiopia. African Journal of Environmental Science and Technology, 13(4), 162-171. https://doi.org/10.5897/AJEST2019.2663 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5897/AJEST2019.2663

Chung, W., & Yeung, I. M. H. (2019). Analysis of residents ' choice of waste charge methods and willingness to pay amount for solid waste management in Hong Kong. Waste Management, 96, 136-148. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.07.020 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wasman.2019.07.020

Dimoso, R.L., & Andrew, F. (2021). Rural Electrification and Small and Medium Enterprises' (SMEs) performances in Mvomero District, Morogoro, Tanzania. J. Bus. Sch., 4 (1), 48-69. https://doi.org/10.26677/TR1010.2021.717 DOI: https://doi.org/10.26677/TR1010.2021.717

Fumbwe, F., Lihawa, R., Andrew, F., Kinyanjui, G., & Mkuna, E. (2021). Examination on level of scale efficiency in public hospitals in Tanzania. Cost Eff Resour Alloc., 19, 49. https://doi.org/10.1186/s12962-021-00305-4 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s12962-021-00305-4

He, J., & Yu, Z. (2021). Extended Theory of Planned Behavior for Predicting the Willingness to Pay for Municipal Solid Waste Management in Beijing. Sustainability, 13(24), 13902. https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413902 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su132413902

Ismail, Y. (2021). Study of Household Willingness to Pay to Improve Solid Waste Management at Residential, IOP Conf. Ser. Earth Environ. Sci., 940, 012049. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/940/1/012049 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/940/1/012049

Kitole, F. A., Msoma, L.J., & Sesabo, J.K. (2024c). Navigating the economic landscape: a comprehensive analysis of government spending, economic growth, and poverty reduction nexus in Tanzania. Applied Economics Letters. https://doi.org/10.1080/13504851.2024.2302902 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13504851.2024.2302902

Kitole, F. A., Sesabo, J. K., & Lihawa, R. M. (2023d). Instrumental variable approach on analyzing risk factors associated with noncommunicable disease prevalence in Tanzania: A nonexperimental design. Health Science Reports, 6(10), e1585. https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.1585 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1002/hsr2.1585

Kitole, F. A., Tibamanya, F. Y., & Sesabo, J. K. (2024b). Exploring the nexus between health status, technical efficiency, and welfare of small-scale cereal farmers in Tanzania: A stochastic frontier analysis. Journal of Agriculture and Food Research, 15, 100996. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2024.100996 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jafr.2024.100996

Kitole, F.A. (2023). Economics of Agricultural Development: World Food Systems and Resource Use. Agrekon, 62(2), 194-196. https://doi.org/10.1080/03031853.2023.2181831 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/03031853.2023.2181831

Kitole, F.A., & Sesabo, J.K. (2024). The Heterogeneity of Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Poverty Reduction in Tanzania: A Multidimensional Statistical Inquiry. Soc (2024). https://doi.org/10.1007/s12115-024-00957-x DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12115-024-00957-x

Kitole, F.A., Lihawa, R.M. & Mkuna, E. (2022). Analysis on the equity differential on household healthcare financing in developing countries: empirical evidence from Tanzania, East Africa. Health Econ Rev., 12, 55. https://doi.org/10.1186/s13561-022-00404-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1186/s13561-022-00404-9

Kitole, F.A., Lihawa, R.M., & Nsindagi, T.E. (2023a). Agriculture Productivity and Farmers' Health in Tanzania: Analysis on Maize Subsector. Glob Soc Welf., 10, 197-206. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40609-022-00243-w DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40609-022-00243-w

Kitole, F.A., Sesabo, J.K. (2022). Smallholder Livestock Keepers' Breeding Choices and Its Implication on Poverty Reduction in Developing Countries: Empirical Evidence from Tanzania. Glob Soc Welf., 9, 241-251. https://doi.org/10.1007/s40609-022-00252-9 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s40609-022-00252-9

Kitole, F.A., Tibamanya, F.Y., & Sesabo, J.K. (2023b). Cooking energy choices in urban areas and its implications on poverty reduction. International Journal of Sustainable Energy, 42(1), 474-489. https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2023.2208680 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/14786451.2023.2208680

Kitole, F.A., & Utouh, H.L.M. (2023). Foreign direct investment and industrialization in Tanzania admixture time series forecast analysis 1960 - 2020. Applied Economics Letters. 10.1080/13504851.2023.2211324 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/13504851.2023.2211324

Kitole, F.A., Mkuna, E., & Sesabo, J.K. (2024a). Digitalization and agricultural transformation in developing countries: Empirical evidence from Tanzania agriculture sector. Smart Agricultural Technology, 7, 100379. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atech.2023.100379 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.atech.2023.100379

Kitole, F., Lihawa, R., Sesabo, J., & Shitima, C. (2023c). The dynamism of communication technology adoption, market information and welfare: Evidence from Nile perch (Lates niloticus) fish market, Mwanza, Tanzania. Lakes & Reservoirs: Research & Management, 28, e12433. https://doi.org/10.1111/lre.12433 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1111/lre.12433

Madigele, P. K., Mogomotsi, G. E. J., & Kolobe, M. (2017). Consumer willingness to pay for plastic bags levy and willingness to accept eco-friendly alternatives in Botswana eco-friendly alternatives in Botswana. Chinese Journal of Population Resources and Environment, 00(00), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1080/10042857.2017.1369243 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/10042857.2017.1369243

Massoud, M. (2021). Determinants of Waste Management Practices and Willingness to Pay for Improving Waste Services in a Low-Middle Income Country. Environmental Management. https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-021-01472-z DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/s00267-021-01472-z

Omilani, O., Abass, A. B., & Okoruwa, V. O. (2019). Smallholder Agroprocessors' Willingness to Pay for Value-Added Solid-Waste Management Solutions. Sustainability, 11(6), 1-14. https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061759 DOI: https://doi.org/10.3390/su11061759

Otai, J. (2021). Assessing household willingness to pay for solid waste management services in Uganda using contingent valuation (Master's Thesis, Bangor University, Wales, UK).

Sizya, R. R. (2015). Analysis of inter - household willingness to pay for solid waste management in Mwanza City , Tanzania. Journal of Resources Development and Management, 4(70), 57-67.

Song, Q., Wang, Z., & Li, J. (2016). Residents' Attitudes and Willingness to Pay for Solid Waste Management in Macau. Procedia Environmental Sciences, 31, 635-643. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.02.116 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.proenv.2016.02.116

Yasin, A. S. (2021). Assessing Households' Willingness to Pay for Improved Solid Waste Management Services in Jigjiga, Ethiopia. Environment and Ecology Research, 9(2), 39 - 44. https://doi.org/10.13189/eer.2021.090201 DOI: https://doi.org/10.13189/eer.2021.090201




How to Cite

Kamuzora, A. N. (2024). Factors Driving Solid Waste Management Payments in African Markets: Understanding Determinants and Overcoming Challenges. African Journal of Empirical Research, 5(1), 125–134. https://doi.org/10.51867/ajernet.5.1.15