Appreciating the Theoretical Perspectives of the Rwandan Genocide: Implications for Conflict Resolution Practice
Keywords:Conflicts, Genocide, Peace, Media, Theory
The repercussions of conflicts and wars on human life and national progress are inestimably high. Indeed, the incalculably ravaging consequences of conflicts and wars suggest that countries need to institute measures aimed at promoting peace and peaceful coexistence among their citizens. However, to achieve this, one must have a full understanding of the various causal elements and triggers of conflicts and wars. Where there is a lack of clear understanding of the push and pull factors of conflicts and wars and their socio-political, socio-cultural, and psychological undertones, stakeholders find it extremely difficult to institute measures to promote peace and unity. The Rwandan genocide, arguably, provides a rather tragic reminder of the sorry state of affairs countries have to endure as a result of conflicts. The irreparable damage caused by the Rwandan genocide continues to attract huge attention among academics. To this end, various papers and studies have been done to help bring clarity to the issues surrounding the genocide, with findings gleaned from multi-dimensional perspectives. This paper attempts to contribute to enhancing understanding of the Rwandan genocide from a theoretical perspective using a desk review approach. In this review paper, issues that are germane to the genocide are examined from a theoretical perspective in order to appreciate the implications they present for conflict resolution practice. Finally, the paper states, among others, that media institutional renewal is crucial to preventing future violent conflicts given the incendiary role the media played in the genocide.
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