Assessing the Socio-Economic Impact of the Chinese Transfer of Values, Skills, and Technology in Infrastructural Development in Kenya




Globalization, Socio-Economic Impact, Infrastructural Development


This study assessed the socio-economic impact of Chinese principle of transfer of values, skills and technology in infrastructural development in Kenya. This study was based on dependency, modernization and power theories which informed the conceptual framework of the research.  This study adopted descriptive research design. Data was collected by the use of Questionnaires, interview guides and focus group discussion and desk top review. Qualitative and quantitative techniques were used for data analysis and presentation. The data obtained was presented in bar graphs, tables and percentages. The study found that during Chinese infrastructural development in Kenya,  the informal sector benefited from China's skill transfer. The study concluded that Kenya-China bilateral relations has impacted positively on Kenya's international relation which is indicated by increased Foreign Direct Investments into Kenya by specifically Western states. The researcher recommends that Kenyan government should formulate a policy that will ensure that the technological skills impacted on Kenyan workers by the Chinese construction firms should be improved and included in the Kenyan schools’ curriculum.


Abdirahman, S. (2020). The Economic Impact of Chinas Relations with Africa: Case Study of Kenya (Thesis, University of Nairobi).

Africa Policy Institute. (2014). China in Kenya, A Tale of Two Dreams. Africa Policy Institute.

Agbebi, M., & Virtanen, P. (2017). Dependency theory - a conceptual lens to understand China's presence in Africa? Forum for Development Studies, 44(3), 429-451. DOI:

Alden, C., & Davies, M. (2006). A Profile of the Operations of Chinese Multinationals in Africa. South African Journal of International Affairs, 13(1), 83-96 DOI:

Bashir, S. (2015). The imperative of skills development for the structural transformation of subSaharan Africa: Potential for China-World Bank-Africa collaboration. Investing in Africa Forum. Washington, DC: World Bank.

Benjelloun, W. (2015). China-Africa Co-Operation: Capacity Building and Social Responsibility of Investments. Johannesburg, South Africa: South African Institute of International Affairs.

Brautigam, D. (2009). The Dragon's Gift: The Real story of China in Africa. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Brown, D. E. (2012). Hidden Dragon, Crouching Lion: How China's Advance in Africa Is Underestimated and Africa's Potential Underappreciated. Strategic Studies Institute, US Army War College.

Chen, D. P. (2014). Constructing Peaceful Development: The Changing Interpretations of "One China" and Beijing's Taiwan Strait Policy. Asian Security, 10(1), 22-46. DOI:

Corkin, L. (2016). Risk and Reward: China Exim Bank in Angola. In L. Corkin (Ed.), Uncovering African Agency (pp. 89-112). Routledge. DOI:

Fourie, E. (2014). 'Model students: policy emulation, modernization and Kenya's Vision 2030. African Affairs, 113 (453), 540-562. DOI:

Githaiga, N. M. (2021). The Successes and Challenges of Kenya's Mombasa-Nairobi Standard Gauge Railway Transport Operations: A Special Reference to the Users. Research in World Economy (In Press). DOI:

Githaiga, N. M., Burimaso, A., Bing, W., & Ahmed, S. M. (2019). The Belt and Road Initiative: Opportunities and Risks for Africa's Connectivity. China Quarterly of International Strategic Studies, 5, 117-141. DOI:

GoK. (2008). Kenya Vision 2030 (Popular Version).

Haroz, D. (2011). China in Africa Perspectives on China in Africa. A Fahamu Books and Pambazuka Publication.

Hussain, A., & Tribe, K. (1981). Marxism and the Agrarian Question: German Social Democracy and the Peasantry 1890-1907. Hong Kong: MacMillain Press Ltd. DOI:

Kioko, P. (2011). A Study on Chinese's Economic Relations with Africa: Case Study Kenya. SSRN Electronic Journal. DOI:

Lenin, VI (1964). The Development of Capitalism in Russia. Moscow: Progress Publishers.

Lin, Y. Y., Swanson, D. P., & Rogge, R. D. (2021). The Three Teachings of East Asia (TTEA) Inventory: Developing and Validating a Measure of the Interrelated Ideologies of Confucianism, Buddhism, and Tao. Frontiers in Psychology, 12, 626122. DOI:

Mbaye, S. (2010). Matching China's Activities with Africa's Needs. In A. Harniet-Sievers, S. Mark, & S. Naidu (Eds.), Chinese and African Perspectives on China in Africa (pp. 39-53). Pambazuka.

Mlambo, C. (2022). China in Africa: An Examination of the Impact of China's Loans on Growth in Selected African States. Economies, 10, 154. DOI:

Mlambo, C., Kushamba, A., & Simawu, B.M. (2016). China-Africa Relations: What Lies Beneath? The Chinese Economy, 49, 257-276. Accessed: 22 Apr. 2020. DOI:

Moyo, D. (2009). Dead aid: Why aid is not working and how there is a better way for Africa. New York: Farrar, Straus and Giroux.

Nantulya, P. (2019). Chinese power supports its Growing Strategic Interests in Africa. Spotlight, Africa Center for Strategic Studies, January 17, 2019.

Onjala, J. (2008). A Scoping Study on China - Africa Economic Relations: The Case of Kenya. African Economic Research Consortium (AERC), Nairobi, Kenya.

Pius, J. (2022). China-trained Kenyan youth independently steering modern train service.

Procopio, M. (2018). Kenyan agency in Kenya-China relations. In New Directions in Africa-China Studies (pp. 173-188). Routledge. DOI:

Sanghi, A., & Johnson, D. (2016). Deal or No Deal Strictly Business for China in Kenya? No. 7614, Washington DC: World Bank Group. DOI:

Sautman, B., & Hairong, Y. (2009). African Perspectives on China-Africa Links. The China Quarterly, 199, 728-759. DOI:

Sun, Y. (2015). The Sixth Forum on China-Africa Cooperation: New Agenda and New Approach.

UNICEF (2012). Whitepaper on China's Foreign Aid. UNICEF.

Wambare, J. (2017). Railway deepens China's Africa links. BBC Africa.

Wanjiku, S. (2018). Effects of Kenya's bilateral relations with China on Economic Growth of Kenya (2000-2015) (Master's Theis, Kenyatta University).

World Bank (2013). Time to shift gears, accelerating growth and poverty reduction in the new Kenya. World Bank.

Zeleza, P.T. (2008). The Roots of African Conflicts: The Cause and Costs. The International Journal of African Historical Studies, 4(2), 1-34.




How to Cite

Oyugi, W. W. A., Okoth, P. G., & Odhiambo, E. O. S. (2023). Assessing the Socio-Economic Impact of the Chinese Transfer of Values, Skills, and Technology in Infrastructural Development in Kenya. African Journal of Empirical Research, 4(2), 1195–1203.