The Impact of Resource Utilization Practices on Inter-Ethnic Conflicts in Nakuru County, Kenya




Economic Impact, Inter-Ethnic Conflicts, Nakuru County, Resource-Use Practices


Globally, conflicts arising from resource use are increasingly becoming common. This generated inter-ethnic violence that has caused death, strained relations among communities, led to loss of property, displacements, slowed economic growth, and increased sex-related crimes. Despite the government, local communities, and NGOs, among other institutions, putting effort into minimizing conflicts, they have yet to find a lasting solution. The overarching objective of the study was to evaluate the effects of resource-use practices on inter-ethnic conflicts in Nakuru County, Kenya. The study was conducted in Nakuru County and targeted household heads, government officials, civil society organizations, and community members. There were 246 respondents, taken as the sample size for the study. The study found that the major effects of conflicts were loss of life, displacement, loss of property, ethnic differences, and low income. The study concludes that the effects of resource-use practices on interethnic conflicts include loss of life, population displacement, discrimination, loss of property, and loss of market for goods, all of which have a significant impact on the economic status of the affected community. The research suggests that the consequences of resource-use practices on inter-ethnic disputes in the study area should be improved both at the national and county levels. This would make it possible for the people living in the area to advance economically.


Borgias, S., & Bauer, C. J. (2018). Trajectory of a divided river basin: law conflict, and cooperation along Chile's Maipo River. Water Policy, 20(1), 127-145. DOI:

Bristow, A., Robinson, S., & Ratle, O. (2019). Academic arrhythmia: Disruption, dissonance, and conflict in the early-career rhythms of CMS academics. Academy of Management Learning and Education, 18(2), 241-260. DOI:

Dickson, A., Mackenzie, I., & Sekeris, P. (2021). The Role of Markets on Resource Conflicts. Scandinavian Journal of Economics, 8(3) 56-65. DOI:

Furnivall, J.S., & Smith, M.G. (1997). Incompatibility of plural society theory. Hawaii: University of Hawaii Press, 1-

Hagi, M. (2023). Exploring the Significance of Ethnicity in Contemporary Conflicts. Ethnicity Journal, 3(6), 23-34.

Hamza, A. J., Esteves, L. S., Cvitanović, M., & Kairo, J. G. (2023). Sustainable natural resource management must recognize community diversity. International Journal of Sustainable Development & World Ecology, 30(7), 727-744. DOI:

Henderson, E. (2010). Ethnic Conflicts And Cooperation. In Encyclopedia of Violence, Peace, and Conflict (pp. 746-758). DOI:

Jaimurzina, A., & Sánchez, R. (2017). Governance of infrastructure for sustainable development in Latin America and the Caribbean: An initial premise. Natural Resources and Infrastructure Division, UNECLAC, 354 (2), 1-13.

Kaufman, S. J. (2006). Symbolic Politics or Rational Choice? Testing Theories of Extreme Ethnic Violence. International Security, 30(4), 45-86. DOI:

Klinke, A., Renn, O., & Lehners, J.P. (Eds.). (2018). Ethnic Conflicts and Civil Society: Proposals for a New Era in Eastern Europe (1st ed.). Routledge. DOI:

Lafta, R.K., Maha A., & Al-Nuaimi (2019) War or health: a four-decade armed conflict in Iraq. Medicine, Conflict and Survival, 35(3), 209-226. DOI:

Malaquias, A. (2018). Rebels and Robbers: Violence in Post-colonial Angola. African Studies Review, 52(1), 189-191. DOI:

Mitchell, M.I. (2018). Migration, Sons of the Soil Conflict, and International Relations." International Area Studies Review, 21 (1), 51-67. DOI:

Musya, J. (2023). Ethnicity & Political Violence: A Kenyan Perspective with Reference to Mathare and Kibra Informal Settlements.

Musya, Justus. (2023). Ethnicity & Political Violence A Kenyan Perspective with Reference to Mathare and Kibra Informal Settlements (Master's Thesis, Daystar University). 10.6084/m9.figshare.23770944.

Odgaard L. (2017). Beijing's Quest for Stability in its Neighborhood: China's Relations with Russia in Central Asia, Asian Security, 13(1), 41-58. DOI:

Omeje K. (2017). The war on terror and the crisis of postcoloniality in Africa. African Journal of International Affairs 11(2), 89-114.

Rodríguez-García, D. (2015). Intermarriage and Integration Revisited: International Experiences and Cross-Disciplinary Approaches. The ANNALS of the American Academy of Political and Social Science, 662(1), 8-36. DOI:

Ronay, R., Maddux, W., & von Hippel, W. (2018). Inequality rules: Resource distribution and the evolution of dominance- and prestige-based leadership. The Leadership Quarterly, 31. DOI:

Ryan, S. (1988). Explaining Ethnic Conflict: The Neglected International Dimension. Review of International Studies, 14(3), 161-177. DOI:

Sánchez-Romero, A., & Hakuba, M.Z. (2017). Trends in downward surface solar radiation from satellites and ground observations over Europe during 1983-2010. Remote Sens Environ., 189(4)108-117. DOI:

Spalding, M., Ravilious, C., & Green, E. (2017). World atlas of coral reefs. In Prepared at the UNEP World Conservation Monitoring Centre. UNEP/WCMC. 10.1016/S0025-326X(01)00310-1

Teffo, L., & Rupiya, M. R. (2017). Understanding the implementation challenges of SA's Communal Land Act 11 of 2004, as an alternative to apartheid's African indigenous land tenure system. Indilinga African Journal of Indigenous Knowledge Systems, 16(2), 250- 264.

Tietenberg, T. H., & Lewis, L. (2016). Environmental and natural resource System' International Studies Quarterly, 38(3), 347-377. DOI:

Wairuri, K., Chemlali, A., & Ruteere, M. (2020). Urban Violence in Nakuru County, Kenya. DIGNITY Publication Series on Torture and Organised Violence No. 16.

Wilson, E. (2019). What is Benefit Sharing? Respecting Indigenous rights and addressing inequalities in Arctic resource projects. Resources, 8(2), 74-76. DOI:

Zietz, S., De Hoop, J., & Handa, S. (2018). The role of productive activities in the lives of adolescents: Photo voice evidence from Malawi. Children and Youth Services Review, 86, 246-255. DOI:




How to Cite

Momanyi, Z. K., Simiyu, R. N., & Muchanga, K. (2023). The Impact of Resource Utilization Practices on Inter-Ethnic Conflicts in Nakuru County, Kenya. African Journal of Empirical Research, 4(2), 929–936.