Urban Proximity and Its Influence on Peri Urban Land Use Pattern: A Case of Kimilili Town, Bungoma County, Kenya
Keywords:Kimilili Town, Land Use Pattern, Peri Urban, Proximity, Urbanization
Urbanisation has caused unprecedented land use changes around urban settlements, leading to enormous socio-economic impacts on peri-urban residents. The spatial growth of urban settlements beyond designated boundaries into the urban fringes has resulted in the transformation of prime agricultural land into commercial and residential uses, effectively altering traditional land use patterns. The objective of this study was to establish the influence of proximity to urban settlements on peri-urban land use patterns. The study adopted a descriptive research design. Both quantitative and qualitative data was collected from both primary and secondary data sources. Data were collected using questionnaires and focus group discussions from a sample of 384 respondents randomly selected from the target population. The data was analysed using Pearson product moment correlation and simple regression analysis techniques. The study established a statistically significant relationship between distance from Kimilili town’s central business district and peri-urban land use change (t = 17.544, p<0.05). This implied that a unit increase in distance from the CBD would result in a variation in land use activities by 46.9%. The study concluded that the proximity of households to Kimilili town has a profound influence on how they use their land. The findings of the study will be useful in addressing challenges associated with urban sprawl in small and medium towns and propose a framework and guide for land use planning in Kimilili’s peri-urban area and other small and medium towns in Kenya.
Abbas, K., & Afua, J. (2013).Household Responses to Livelihood Transformation in Peri-urban Kumasi. Journal of Sustainable Development, 6 (6), 121-136. https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v6n6p121 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v6n6p121
Afriyie, K., Abass, K., & Adomako, J. A. A. (2013). Urbanization of the rural landscape: assessing the effects in peri-urban Kumasi. International Journal of Urban Sustainable Development, 6(1), 1-19. https://doi.org/10.1080/19463138.2013.799068 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1080/19463138.2013.799068
Amoateng, P., Cobbinah, P. B., & Adade, K. O. (2013). Managing Physical Development in Peri-Urban Areas of Kumasi, Ghana: A Case of Abuakwa. Journal of Urban and Environmental Engineering, 7(1), 96-109. https://doi.org/10.4090/juee.2013.v7n1.096109 DOI: https://doi.org/10.4090/juee.2013.v7n1.96-109
Burgess, E. (1925). The Growth of the City. University of Chicago Press, Chicago.
Cobbinah, P. B., Erdiaw-Kwasie, M. O., & Amoateng, P. (2015). Africa's Urbanisation: Implications for Sustainable Development. Cities, 47, 62-72. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2015.03.013 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.cities.2015.03.013
Cobbinah, P.B., and Amoako, C. (2012). Urban sprawl and the loss of peri-urban land in Kumasi, Ghana.International Journal of Social and Human Sciences, 6, 388-397.
Government of Kenya. (2013). Bungoma County Integrated Development Plan 2013-2017. Government Printer. Nairobi.
Kombo, D.S., and Tromp, D.L (2018). Proposal and Thesis Writing: An Introduction. Paulines Publications Africa, Nairobi.
Lasisi, M, Popoola, A. Adediji, A. Adedeji, O., & Babalola, K. (2017). City expansion and agricultural land loss within the peri-urban area of Osun state, Nigeria. Ghana Journal of Geography, 9(3), 132-163.
Lupala.J.M. (2015). The Effects of Peri-urbanization on Pugu and Kazimzumbwi Forest Reserves, Dar es salaam, Tanzania: European Centre for Research Training and Development UK, 3(2), 49-72.
Mandere, M. N., Ness, B. and Anderberg, S. (2010). Peri-urban development, livelihood change and household income: A case study of peri-urban Nyahururu, Kenya, Journal of Agricultural Extension and Rural Development, 2(5), 73-83.
Moustier, P., & Renting, H. (2015). Urban agriculture and short chain food marketing in developing countries. In Henk de Zeeuw and Pay Drechsel, Cities and Agriculture: Developing Resilient Urban Food Systems. New York: Routledge, pp. 121-138
Mutua, M.R. (2013). The effect of urban development on the livelihoods of indigenous households. The case of Lower Kiandani area, Machakos Municipality (Master's Thesis, University of Nairobi).
Ng’ayu, M. (2015). What are the drivers of growth on the rural-urban fringes? A case study of the Nairobi-Kiambu Corridor. Kenya. Journal of Emerging Trends in Economics and Management Sciences (JETEMS), 6(6), 414-431.
Oduro C. Y., Ocloo K., &Adamtey, R. (2014). Urban Growth and Livelihood Transformations on the Fringes of African Cities: A Case Study of Changing Livelihoods in Peri-Urban Accra. Journal of Environment and Natural Resources Research, 5(2), 81-98. https://doi.org/10.5539/enrr.v5n2p81 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5539/enrr.v5n2p81
Omondi, S., Obiri, J., & Mugalavai, E. (2017). Evaluation of land use change pattern of Kajulu-Riat hill peri urban area near Kisumu City, Kenya. International Journal of Scientific Research and Innovation Technology,4(7);42-52.
Owens, G. (2016). 'We are not farmers': Dilemmas and prospects of residential suburban cultivators in contemporary Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 54(3), 443-467. https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X16000392 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1017/S0022278X16000392
Oyugi, M.O, Odenyo, V.A.O., & Karanja, F.N. (2017). The Implications of Land Use and Land Cover Dynamics on the Environmental Quality of Nairobi City, Kenya. American Journal of geographic Information systems, 6(3), 111-127.
Thuo, A.D. (2010). Community and social responses to land use transformations in the Nairobi rural-urban fringe, Kenya. Field Actions Science Reports (The journal of field actions), 1, 1-10.
Waugh, D. (2002). Geography: An Integrated Approach (3rd Ed.). Nelson Thornes & Oxford Course Companion by Nagle and Cooke.
Willkom, M., Vierneisel, B., & Dannenberg, P. (2016). Land Use Change dynamics in the Mt. Kenya region- a remotely sensed analysis using RapidEye satellite images. Zbl. Geol. Paläont, 1 (1), 23-40. 10.1127/zgpI/2016/0023-0040
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 James Kwemoi Kimtai, Joash W.S. Mabonga, Nalyanya Wasike
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.