Resource Availability and its Role in Promoting Participation in Non-Formal Curricular Activities in Kenyan Secondary Schools



Curriculum Implementation, Curriculum Resources, Non-Formal Curriculum, Non-Formal Curricular Activities, Secondary Schools


This study examined the resources that promoted participation in Non-Formal Curricular Activities (NFCAs) in secondary schools in Kakamega County, Kenya. A descriptive survey design was used. The study utilized 2507 participants who included 1935 learners, 430 teachers, 43 Heads of Department of NFCAs, 43 Principals, 43 parents and 13 SQASOs.  To generate quantitative data, questionnaires were used and for qualitative data, structured interviews, document analysis and observations were utilized. Quantitative data was analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) and presented using frequencies, the mean, mode, percentages and standard deviations and qualitative data was presented in narrative form. The study found out that funding for NFCAs is inadequate at the school level and is delayed. Though resources for implementation of non-formal curriculum activities were available in most secondary schools, they were inadequate and could not match the large learner populations. The study recommended the government should also step-up provision of funds to enable acquisition of resources, infrastructure and supplies that will enhance learner participation in NFCAs.


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How to Cite

Oloo, A. A., Abenga, E., & Wangila, E. (2023). Resource Availability and its Role in Promoting Participation in Non-Formal Curricular Activities in Kenyan Secondary Schools. African Journal of Empirical Research, 4(2), 355–362.